‘I worried that letting countries buy the right to pollute would be like letting people pay to litter. We should try to strengthen, not weaken the moral stigma attached to despoiling the environment … [and] I continue to think that in addressing this question most economists miss the crucial point: norms matter. In deciding how best to get global action on climate change, we have to cultivate a new environmental ethic, a new set of attitudes toward the planet we share. We’re unlikely to foster the global cooperation we need if some countries are able to buy their way out of meaningful reductions in their own energy use’
Sandel, M. (2009) ‘Reith Lecture No 1: Markets and Morals’ [online]. Available from: http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rmhttp/radio4/transcripts/20090609_thereithlectures_marketsandmorals.rtf [Accessed 8th April 2013]
Picture from EU Climate Action Facebook Page
‘We are citizens, not just consumers. Our environment requires citizen preferences, not just consumer preferences’
Sagoff, M (2001) ‘Environmental Citizenship’ [online]. Available from: http://www.cep.unt.edu/citizen.htm (Accessed 8th April 2013).
The key difference in my relationship to climate change, and to the tsunami or an earthquake, is that I am partially responsible for the first and not at all responsible for the second.
Dobson, A. 2007 ‘Environmental citizenship: towards sustainable development’, Sustainable Development 15(5): p.276–285.
The citizen that sorts her garbage or that prefers ecological goods will often do this because she feels committed to ecological values and ends. The citizen may not, that is, act in sustainable ways solely out of economic or practical incentives: people sometimes choose to do good for other reasons than fear (of punishment or loss) or desire (for economic rewards or social status). People sometimes do good because they want to be virtuous
(Beckman, 2001, 179)
Beckman, L. 2001 ‘Virtue, sustainability and liberal values’ in J. Barry and M. Wissenburg (eds) Sustaining Liberal Democracy: Ecological Challenges and Opportunities,, Houndmills: Palgrave.
Nasa Earth Observatory released on the 5th of December image of Earth at night, that are simply stunning. The images have been created using a cloud-free night images from a new NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration satellite, the Suomi NPP satellite. The data were acquired over nine days in April 2012 and thirteen days in October 2012. According to NASA, it took 312 orbits to get a clear shot of every parcel of Earth’s land surface and islands. This new data was then mapped over existing imagery of Earth to provide a realistic view of the planet.
Scientists are using these images of Earth’s dark side to gain insight on human activity and poorly understood natural events.
For example, On July 15, 2012, the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi NPP satellite captured this night-time view of the aurora australis, or “southern lights,” over Antartica’s Queen Maud Land and the Princess Ragnhild Coast.
The image was captured by the VIIRS “day-night band,” which detects light in a range of wavelengths from green to near-infrared and uses filtering techniques to observe signals such as city lights, auroras, wildfires, and reflected moonlight. In the case of the image above, the sensor detected the visible auroral light emissions as energetic particles rained down from Earth’s magnetosphere and into the gases of the upper atmosphere. The slightly jagged appearance of the auroral lines is a function of the rapid dance of the energetic particles at the same time that the satellite is moving and the VIIRS sensor is scanning.
The yellow box in the top image depicts the area shown in the lower close-up image. Light from the aurora was bright enough to illuminate the ice edge between the ice shelf and the Southern Ocean. At the time, Antarctica was locked in midwinter darkness and the Moon was a waning crescent that provided little light. (1)
Credit: NASA Earth Observatory/NOAA NGDC